Respond Quickly and Stay Calm
Look for major complications
Do Not Move Victim Unless Absolutely Necessary
If victim complains of neck or back injuries, definitely do
not move until ambulance arrives. If it is essential that
the patient be moved, transport by means of stretcher only.
A make shift stretcher can be made from a ladder or board.
condition, indication, characteristic
remedy, procedure, recommendation
bandage directly on wound and apply pressure. Do not remove
bandage, as it may disrupt the clotting process--simply
add additional bandage to the wound.
If there are no signs of fracture, elevate wound above patient's
If fracture is present, keep wound stationery.
excess bleeding persists, press firmly at pressure point
which cuts off blood flow to the wounded area.
one hand supporting the back of neck, tilt head backward--remove
any foreign object from mouth.
Pinch nostrils shut--to prevent any air leakage when inflating
an airtight seal around patient's mouth with your own lips.
Blow air into patient's mouth.
your mouth from patient-- put ear next to patient's mouth
and listen for any kind of exhalation.
above process should be repeated every five seconds (children--every
until patient responds or ambulance arrives.
and pressure in center of chest. It may shoot outwards--
usually to left shoulder and arm.
may move to neck, jaws, arms and across chest.
will take on a bluish color.
may then begin to perspire, vomit, have shortness of breath
physician immediately (specify need for oxygen).
patient in horizontal position.
patient warm and comfortable--loosen collar
breathing has stopped, give mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
When to be aware of shock
time victim has suffered serious injury or has become seriously
Keep victim in horizontal position. If there are any signs
of head or chest injury, keep head and shoulders elevated.
patient warm--to prevent loss of body heat, wrap patient
in blanket or any other available material.
a physician immediately.
medical assistance is delayed for more than two hours, administer
the following fluid every 15 to 20 minutes:
oz. warm water (2 oz. to children)
of baking soda
Do not give fluid to patient who is vomiting, unconscious,
has head injuries, or is complaining of abdominal injuries.