(Glucose) is essential for our body. It is as much essential to
the human body as a source of energy is to a machine. It meets all
the energy needs of the human body. Therefore it is important for
everyone to understand how sugar is produced, stored and utilised
in the human body. Health turns to ill-health when there is a disturbance
in any of these three functions. Certain of the symptoms indicate
that condition of ill-health, which is called "Diabetes".
The human body absorbs sugar from various food items we consume
such as - bread, coarse/whole grains, rice, potato, sweet dishes
etc., Diabetes manifests only when the body is unable to store or
utilise it fully.
Diabetes may be termed as the effect of a particular functional
deficiency in the human body. Though it is loosely called a "disease",
it is not a disease as such. A patient suffering from diabetes
can also live happily if certain precautionary measures are taken.
When we eat more food, more sugar is produced in the body. The extra
sugar thus produced gets stored in the liver. When we do hard physical
work, the cells need more energy which means more sugar, which is
supplied by the liver out of the extra sugar, stored in it. But
the stored sugar again goes into the blood stream and gets excreted
through urine. This is Diabetes. It is obvious that extra pressure
is exerted on the kidneys.
Insulin is a secretion of the organ called pancreas, which
is situated just behind the stomach. It plays an important role
in the absorption of sugar, its conversion to glucose, storage and
distribution to various organs of the body. This is the reason for
diabetes being commonly known as "Sweet Urine Disease".